Bailén is a city and Spanish municipality belonging to the province of Jaén, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Located in the region of Sierra Morena, this small town is located in the natural pass of the communication routes that connect the center and north of the Iberian Peninsula with the south, as well as the West and the East of Andalusia.
Bailén has a large industrial activity of ceramics, wine and hospitality, along with the cultivation of herbaceous and the development of an olive oil industry.
Its municipal district borders the municipalities of Baños de la Encina and Guarromán to the north, Linares to the east, Jabalquinto and Espeluy to the south, and Villanueva de la Reina and Zocueca to the west.
The parish church of Our Lady of the Incarnation, built in the fifteenth century in Elizabethan Gothic style, is one of the greatest architectural exponents of the town, declared a Historic Monument.
The hermitages of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad (15th century), of Gothic style, the chapels of Jesus and of El Cristo, both of baroque style (XVIII century), that of the Virgin of Zocueca, built between the XVIIth century and XVIII and the Parish of San José Obrero, together with its neighborhood, which celebrates its festivities in his honor on May 1.